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We will get through this together. Updated: February 20, References. This article will explain to you how to make a smoke bomb. This is by far the best recipe and even beginners will be cooking up smoke bombs in no time. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet? Create an account.

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Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow. To create this article, 17 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Together, they cited 5 references. This article has also been viewedtimes. Learn more Explore this Article Steps. Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Measure 60 grams potassium nitrate and 40 grams 1.

If you don't have any weighing scales, don't worry, the ratio is 3 parts of potassium nitrate to 2 parts sugar, so you can just use a tablespoon or use the small spoons found in baby formula milk e.

Cow and Gate, Optamil. Get a pan, preferably non-stick, and put in your potassium nitrate and sugar. Put the heat on as low as it will go. This prevents any unwanted accidents from happening. Stir the mixture. Stir continuously, but not vigorously, to prevent the material from burning. After about 10 minutes, you will notice that the powder starts to flow a bit like water. This happens because the sugar is caramelizing. Wait for the sugar to caramelize.

After few minutes, brown lumps will start to appear. After another few minutes, the whole mixture will turn brown and will go all soggy,a bit like peanut butter.Ingredients: sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, barium nitrate, silver nitrate, lead nitrate, table sugar Procedure: A minimal recipe follows.

Mix a small amount of nitrate with table sugar. Place a small amount of each nitrate on a "brick" surface. Ignite the nitrates in some order.

Observe the similarities and differences in reactivity. Understanding: Nitrates are considered strong oxidizing agents as they are sources of oxygen. Like dioxygen, nitrates do not burn upon heating. They must be provided with something to eat - something to oxidize.

In our series of reactions, we provide the nitrates with something sweet to eat - sugar! Sugar is an excellent source of carbon which is readily oxidized in the presence of nitrate. There is a variety of sugars - monosaccharides like glucose, C 6 H 12 O 6disaccharides like sucrose, table sugarC 12 H 22 O 11and polysaccharides.

Potassium nitrate

The empirical formula for glucose is CH 2 O. The empirical formula for sucrose is almost CH 2 O. In our study, we will use a generic empirical chemical formula to represent our sugar, CH 2 O, that captures the essence of the ratio of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in most carbohydrates. We think of the nitrate as the soul source of oxygen for the reaction with nitrate.Potassium nitrate, commonly known as saltpeter, is a chemical compound that is a solid at room temperature.

By itself, it is not explosive, but it can create a highly explosive, exothermic reaction if in contact with reducing agents. That is why potassium nitrate is used commonly in fireworks and gunpowder and why it is critical to learn how to burn potassium nitrate safely.

Put on safety goggles and gloves to ensure the highest level of safety. Put on a long-sleeve shirt. Due to the highly explosive nature of the reaction, you should cover all parts of your body. Place the potassium nitrate in the flask and place it on gentle heat. The potassium nitrate will not ignite by itself as it is an oxidizer and only provides an oxygen-rich environment so other compounds can ignite.

Add a reducing agent to the flask. Examples of reducing agents include sulfur or charcoal-based compounds. Once heated, the potassium nitrate will produce enough oxygen for the reducing agent to react. Increase heat until a reaction takes place. The flame should burn a purple or lilac color due to the presence of potassium. The reaction may be explosive, so it is necessary to be cautious and aware of the reaction as it occurs.

Wait for the reaction to stop. Once the reaction is finished, turn off the heat source and wait for the flask to cool down. Test the temperature of the flask by quickly touching it for a second. If it is not hot, remove the flask and dispose of the remaining chemicals properly. Do not dump the chemicals down the drain. Always dispose of chemical compounds properly. You do not want to contaminate or pollute the environment after performing a chemical reaction. Do not touch the flask while the reaction is under way.

It will be extremely hot and should not be touched under any circumstances.

potassium nitrate and sugar reaction

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Chemical Reactions With Sugar

Copyright Leaf Group Ltd.Here's a simple fire chemistry demonstration that produces instant fire without using matches or any other type of flame. Potassium chlorate and ordinary table sugar are combined. Share Flipboard Email. Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph. Chemistry Expert. Helmenstine holds a Ph. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter. Choose a container you don't value, as the demonstration will probably cause it to shatter.

Place the mixture in a fume hood and equip lab safety gear which you should be wearing anyway. To initiate the reaction, carefully add a drop or two of sulfuric acid to the powdered mixture.

The mixture will burst into a tall purple flame, accompanied by heat and a lot of smoke. How it works: potassium chlorate KClO 3 is a powerful oxidizer, used in matches and fireworks. Sucrose is an easy-to-oxidize energy source. The flame is purple from the heating of the potassium similar to a flame test.

Perform this demonstration in a fume hood, as a considerable quantity of smoke will be produced. Alternatively, perform this demonstration outdoors.

Granulated table sugar is preferable to powdered sugar which is, in turn, preferable to reagent grade sucrose.

potassium nitrate and sugar reaction

Follow proper safety precautions. Do not store the potassium chlorate and sugar mixture, as it can react spontaneously. Use care when removing the potassium chlorate from its container, to avoid sparking, which can ignite the container.

Wear the usual protective gear when performing this reaction goggles, lab coat, etc. The 'Dancing Gummi Bear' is a variation on this demonstration. Here, a small quantity of potassium chlorate is carefully heated in a large test tube, clamped to a ring stand over a flame, until it has melted. A Gummi Bear candy is added to the container, resulting in a vigorous reaction. The bear dances amidst bright purple flames.Why don't fictional characters say "goodbye" when they hang up a phone?

If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. What is the chemical reaction of potassium nitrate and sugar?

Wiki User Asked in Metal and Alloys What are hazards about potassium nitrate? Potassium nitrate isn't terribly corrosive or poisonous or anything. It is an oxidizer, specifically a class 1 oxidizer.

Potassium nitrate when mixed with something that could burn sugar, paper, etc increases the flammability of that product. But potassium nitrate alone isn't flammable. Asked in Elements and Compounds Why is there an explosion when you mix potassium nitrate and sugar? Asked in Metal and Alloys Is potassium nitrate like sugar? No, potassium nitrate KNO3 is a strongly oxidizing inorganic salt commonly known as saltpeter.

Sugar, or sucrose C12H22O11 is an organic, sweet tasting molecular solid.

Rocket candy

They may appear similar at first: they are both white, water soluble solids but chemically are very different. Potassium nitrate is sometimes mixed with sugar to provide a sort of fuel for homemade rockets. Asked in Elements and Compounds Why potassium nitrate and sugar react so it produces smoke? Warning: but no answer yet Whatever the answer may be: the reaction is dangerous to carry out because of toxic fumes Nitrous oxides, NOx.

Asked in Chemistry, Elements and Compounds Is burning sugar a chemical reaction? Burning anything is a chemical reaction. Asked in Metal and Alloys Is potassium nitrate flameable? Potassium nitrate itself is not flammable. Only when it is combined with something that has the potential to burn sugar, wood chips, glycerin, etcit can increase the flammability and burn rate of that substance.

Asked in Chemistry, Elements and Compounds If burning sugar is a chemical reaction can you give me an evidence? Burning is a chemical reaction; sugar is transformed in carbon dioxide and water. Asked in Chemistry Is sugar and heat a chemical or physical change? It's a chemical reaction because when you apply heat on sugar, molecules undergo dissociation which is a chemical reaction. Asked in Chemistry What is the chemical reaction that happens when sugar dissolves in tea? Sugar dissolving in tea is a physical change, not a chemical reaction.

The sugar and the tea maintain their separate properties and their chemical compositions do not change. Asked in Chemistry, Elements and Compounds Is burning sugar is a chemical reaction? Yes, because sugar is a chemical, if you burn it, it means you are oxidising the sugar.Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula K N O 3.

It occurs in nature as a mineral, niter. It is a source of nitrogenfrom which it derives its name. Potassium nitrate is one of several nitrogen-containing compounds collectively referred to as saltpeter or saltpetre. Major uses of potassium nitrate are in fertilizerstree stump removal, rocket propellants and fireworks.

It is one of the major constituents of gunpowder black powder. Potassium nitrate, because of its early and global use and production, has many names. Hebrew and Egyptian words for it had the consonants n-t-r, indicating likely cognation in the Greek nitronwhich was Latinised to nitrum or nitrium. Thence Old French had niter and Middle English nitre. By the 15th century, Europeans referred to it as saltpeter [8] and later as nitrate of potash, as the chemistry of the compound was more fully understood.

Potassium nitrate is moderately soluble in water, but its solubility increases with temperature. The aqueous solution is almost neutral, exhibiting pH 6. It is not very hygroscopicabsorbing about 0. It is insoluble in alcohol and is not poisonous; it can react explosively with reducing agents, but it is not explosive on its own.

In Ancient India, saltpeter manufacturers formed the Nuniya caste. In this book, al-Rammah describes first the purification of barud crude saltpeter mineral by boiling it with minimal water and using only the hot solution, then the use of potassium carbonate in the form of wood ashes to remove calcium and magnesium by precipitation of their carbonates from this solution, leaving a solution of purified potassium nitrate, which could then be dried.

The terminology used by al-Rammah indicated a Chinese origin for the gunpowder weapons about which he wrote. At least as far back asChilean saltpeter deposits were exploited in Chile and California. A major natural source of potassium nitrate was the deposits crystallizing from cave walls and the accumulations of bat guano in caves.

How to Perform the Instant Fire Chemistry Demonstration

Traditionally, guano was the source used in Laos for the manufacture of gunpowder for Bang Fai rockets. Perhaps the most exhaustive discussion of the production of this material is the LeConte text. Since he was calling for the assistance of rural farming communities, the descriptions and instructions are both simple and explicit.

He details the "French Method", along with several variations, as well as a "Swiss method".Why don't fictional characters say "goodbye" when they hang up a phone? If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.

Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Elements and Compounds. Why potassium nitrate and sugar react so it produces smoke? Wiki User Warning: but no answer yet Whatever the answer may be: the reaction is dangerous to carry out because of toxic fumes Nitrous oxides, NOx. Related Questions How do you make a smoke bomb like real ninja? You can create a smoke bomb by finding two chemicals that react non toxic reaction in order to produce a mist or a smoke.

Checking do-it-yourself websites. Potassium Nitrate and Sugar can also be used to create a "Smoke Bomb. Asked in Chemistry, Organic Chemistry Is there a difference between potassium nitrate and ammonium nitrate? Yes one has potassium and is used in smoke bombs and the other has ammonium ion and is used in high explosives like tannerite, and the Oklahoma bombing.

It will also unclog a sink. Asked in Elements and Compounds Does potassium dissolved in water conduct electricity? Who cares. All I know is potassium nitrate and sugar makes an amazing smoke bomb. Oddly enough it can be found on eBay.

Here are some ingredients in fireworks Charcoal, gun powder black powder for explosionalumunuim powder for flashpotassium nitrate saltpeter for smoke. Asked in Chemistry What is the chemical formula for a smoke bomb?

potassium nitrate and sugar reaction

The recipes for colored smoke bombs require chemicals that may not be readily available unless you have access to a chemistry lab, but it's worth knowing how it's done. Parts or percents are by weight. The ingredients are sifted together and ignited to produce the smoke. Asked in Slogans and Mottos A catchy slogan for potassium? I'll react with fire, smoke or fizz when you add me to something, whatever it is potassium's nice to poison old men, but leave it alone when in he family den.

Asked in Metal and Alloys How can potassium nitrate be used? It's usually useful for making smoke bomb compositions with sugar if you have it domestically. It can also oxidize other fuels.

In the lab, it is used in many chemical reactions that would have to depend on what you want to do. Asked in Temperature What temperature does potassium nitrate burn? I don't know for sure, but I melted a beer can with a smoke bomb. The aluminium actually evaporated if that's even possible as there was nothing left of the can.

So well over degrees.